Maha Thamada


Maha Thamada
   (Maha Thammada)
   In Indo-Buddhist and Burmese tradition, the first king. At the beginning of the world epoch, human beings were naturally good, like the inhabitants of the Garden of Eden, but over time they became greedy, lustful, and corrupted, and constantly quarreled. Recognizing this, they elected a wise man to rule over them and make the laws. He was the "Great Chosen One" (Maha Thamada). Scholars have compared this myth with the Western concept of the social contract and James Madison's belief, expressed in The Federalist Papers, that "if men were angels, no government would be necessary." On an ideological level, it provided incumbent rulers with legitimacy, especially because Burmese kings claimed descent from the Maha Thamada, although royal succession was dynastic or through force majeure rather than by election.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Administration and Society, Precolonial Burma —    Before the British colonial period, Burma was an absolute monarchy, the king s authority legitimized by the myth of the Maha Thamada and his possession of superior merit, accumulated over many lifetimes (thus he was often referred to as Hpaya… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Glass Palace Chronicles —    (Hmannan Yazawin)    Compiled in 1829 by order of King Bagyidaw (r. 1819 1838), a history of Burma (or more precisely, the kingdoms established in the central valley of the Irrawaddy [Ayeyarwady] River) from its legendary origins to the… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Lawin Burma —    (Precolonialand Modern)    During their colonial occupation of Burma, the British claimed that they were bringing the blessings of the rule of law to the country, but Burma already had well established legal institutions going back at least to …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Hsinbyushin — ဆင်ဖြူရှင် King of Burma Prince of Myedu Reign 28 November 1763 – 10 June 1776 ( 1000000000000001200000012 years, 10000000000000164000000164 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Myanmar — Pye Tawngsu Thammada Myanma Naingngan Republik der Union von Myanmar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mingyinyo — မင်းကြီးညို King of Toungoo Reign 16 October 1510 – 26 October 1530 ( 1000000000000002000000020 years, 1000000000000001000000010 days) Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Minkhaung I — For other people named Minkhaung, see Minkhaung (disambiguation). Minkhaung I ပထမ မင်းခေါင် King of Ava Reign c. July 1401 – February 1422 (21 years) Predecessor Tarabya Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Jagdalpur — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name=Jagdalpur type=city latd = 19.07|longd=82.03 state name=Chhattisgarh district=Bastar District altitude=552 population as of = 2007 | population total = 250000 | population density = area magnitude=1 area… …   Wikipedia

  • Minkhaung II — For other people named Minkhaung, see Minkhaung (disambiguation). Minkhaung II ဒုတိယ မင်းခေါင် King of Ava Reign February 1481 – 27 March 1502 (21 years) Predecessor Thihathura Succe …   Wikipedia

  • Tabinshwehti — တပင်‌ရွှေထီး Tabinshwehti Nat King of …   Wikipedia